Lampedusa (20 sq km) is the biggest island in the archipelago and the farer from Italy, at about 115 marine miles from the Sicilian shore. With the small island of Lampione, it is part of the African continental plate and all its colors can prove that: white sand and limestone, blue-green waters in some parts of the coast.
The sea bottom, like the surface part, is characterized by the typical limestone structure, with some morphologically different aspects that go from walls to falls of rocks, from caves to drop-offs, from crevices to the Mediterranean tapeweed prairies. Big rocks formations often give home to brown groupers, moray eels and brown meagers. The colors are the typical ones of the coralligenous over a very clear substrate, with the red and purple of the sponges that colonize wide areas, dominating and creating strong contrasts on the white rock. The excellent underwater visibility, the water temperature and the great brightness make those places particularly good for diving activities.
Due to problems related to the water resources, the agricultural production is minimum and the island lives on fishing and tourism, helped by the presence of a good airport and daily connections all year long with Palermo and Catania, extended to all the major national stops during spring, summer and autumn. The Pelagie Islands are also daily connected with Porto Empedocle (Agrigento) by ferryboat and in summer by hydrofoil.